Here a collection of
photographs which will make you live of A to Z, hour after hour, the
construction of Golf 1 with the factory of Wolfsburg.
This article is drawn from an excellent book entitled "VW Carry forward
9", published at the beginning of the Eighties and nicely lent
by a Belgian amateur. 38 pages, with sometimes heavy photographs to
charge, in addition not presenting inevitably a "small
Golf" in full construction, but necessary by preoccupation with
a faithful retranscription...
The goods train No 55443 including/understanding 40 fine sheet coaches is on the way of waiting to lehrte close to Hanover and lets pass the passenger train going to Wolfsburg. The large needle of the clock placed between the quays jumps at the following minute. In exactly 38 minutes, the train will have reached its destination: Volkswagenwerk in Wolfsburg, the large automobile factory of Low very agricultural Saxony in addition. 55443 fact part of the routine day
laborer of Wolfsburg: daily, all the possible and conceivable semi-finished products as well as the finished sub-contracted parts arrive at Volkswagenwerk by goods trains, especially at the first hours of the day, when the transport of people does not dominate yet over the shoed network. By coaches also arrive of the parts and the sets coming from the other factories of the company, to return in the large halls skirting Mittellandkanal: they are for example engines coming from Salzgitter, of gear boxes coming from Kassel, axles and directions coming from Brunswick.
At the time when the goods train receives in Lehrte the authorization to leave, weight-heavy of 38 tons enters on the motorway near Schwieberdingen, close to Stuttgart, to 560 km from here. The towing vehicle and the trailer with three axles are filled of headlights, alternators and other sub-contracted parts, almost to the cover. The truck also moves towards Wolfsburg. It belongs to the 200 trucks which "converge" each day towards Wolfsburg, not coming only from the Federal Republic of Germany but also from other European countries and which meet of good morning at the entry weight-heavy of the Volkswagen factory. A semitrailer brings radiators of France by the Saarbrucken-Frankfurt motorway. Tires arrive from England, by truck by borrowing the ferry Dover-Calais. And a loading of beams of cables manufactured by the factory of Yugoslavia also arrives to Wolfsburg after two days of transport per truck.
4h03. The goods train enters the station of the factory, the coaches are taken down, the driver leaves against other missions with its engine 218. After a control of meticulous reception, a power trolley pertaining to the factory takes along the coaches charged with fine sheet towards the workshop of stamping. Several overhead
traveling cranes raise the rollers of sheets weighing 25 to 30 tons, the "coïls", out of the coaches especially designed to transport them. The crane drivers and "stowers" train involved teams which discharge up to 2000 tons from sheet per day. This would be enough to connect Wolfsburg in Berlin with an uninterrupted sheet band one meter broad and of a
millimeter thickness. It is besides the raw material necessary to more than 5000 body.
5h30. The team of the morning puts itself at work including with the workshop of stamping. The sheet of the first "Coils" is to be output. Each one of these enormous rollers comprises up to 4000 meters of fine sheet, a thickness - according to the needs - from 0,75 to 1,00
millimeter, with a color money checkmate producing of the reflections. The unwinding is carried out very quickly. A device of setting to length provided with a "flying" shear only outputs with him approximately 500 tons of sheet per day, the quantity transported by 10 coaches, in other words, 80 km of sheet. With this intention, the shear must move at the same speed as sheet being held continuously, from where its name.
Nowhere elsewhere in the world one gathered as many machines intended for the shaping of sheet under a single roof, as one did in the workshop of stamping of Wolfsburg. Many of these machines are higher than buildings of four floors with foundations practically such deep. They represent, in all, with the tools to press and stamp necessary sheet, a value of 1,2 billion DM. This "Armada" of almost 1000 machines supplies amusement partly Audi-nsu-Ag and other factories of assembly in Germany and abroad, as well as the service spare parts. The workshop of stamping of Wolfsburg produces more than 4000 different parts of tôte. The major part is manufactured by gusts. What does one hear by there?
The variety of the models requires many different parts. To build a press of stamping for each one of it would not be profitable and would increase the price of the cars. This is why, during the shift work, various parts are manufactured by "gusts" on the presses; it acts each time of a given number of units. These gusts follow one another in a beforehand definite order. On the broad outline of presses, one produces on average five types of parts, and even more on other lines. The presses produce more and in a time more reduced than the workshop of assembly totery coming to the continuation. This is why, the various parts not being immediately necessary to the workshop of assembly sheet-iron works are sent in a storeroom in height. This reserve is then called according to the needs. It should be noted that the 290000 square meters of the workshop of stamping practically correspond to the surface of 44 football fields. However, this well thought system of "production by gusts" could quickly be disorganized, if, for an unspecified reason, the consumption of a part accelerated. One would be opposite this problem if for example of only one blow the customers of the Golf with two doors started to buy of the four doors.
If these doors had suddenly missed, all the production would be stopped. Such a mishap is however impossible, because the experienced technicians of the production have a system of regulation of manufacture with electronic data processing, called "PRESS". PRESS receives service of preparation all the quantities of parts necessary for the 4 weeks period following. This service receives itself from division "Diffusion" the quantities of vehicles wished by the dealers, classified by types and alternatives of equipment. With PRESS and the control room STZ, which are connected there, it is possible to supervise the quantities of matter in stock, the capacities of the machines and the pending orders, and in addition one can work out thanks to them the
programmers of engagement of the installations of manufacture and the machines. PRESS also records the disturbances and their causes and directs by radio the team of repair to the desired place. A stop is thus practically excluded.
6h10. The transport of sheet and the blanks is accomplished between the various working stations of the line of presses by automatic hooks and installations of handling. They save to the man the heavy work during all the work of stamping: to pass sheet, to take it, to turn over it, rest it, transfer it, take it, deposit it if necessary. Meanwhile, of the astute engineers of Volkswagenwerk small called robots of handling "Robby developed" which have considerable aptitudes. They supply the lines of presses automatically, they check if the sheet is good thickness and also if only one sheet is well raised by the magnetic hook, they know when the sheet must be introduced into the tool to press and when it should be taken again.
6h22. The first parts pressed with the sheet delivery of the preceding evening towards the workshop of assembly sheet-iron works, in containers or are fixed on the way on the conveyors moving under the roof. Transport is always accomplished in the most rational way or least expensive. The specialists call "Handling" transport, the storage and the movements of matters during the production. Flow is significant workshop of stamping towards the workshop of assembly sheet-iron works and towards the completion while passing by the workshop of painting. The "affluents" are however worthy of interest: coming, inter alia, of the workshop of mechanics, the saddlery and the workshop of the plastics. To this end, it is necessary to control the more various techniques of transport: for example, at the foundry one daily runs 350 to 400 tons of metal in fusion in moulds and one uses 10 tons of lacquer per day to the workshop of painting. Moreover, parts and bodies come from the other factories of the company, other elements are provided by subcontractors.
In the factory of Wolfsburg, there are not only 190 kilometers of conveyors under the immense roofs of the halls of manufacture solving the problems of handling perfectly. There are in addition 160 tractors with more than 1000 trailers and 425 fork-lift trucks intended for transport of the goods on the interior road network - 32 km outside and 36 in the halls. The value of all these devices which are daily moving is 30 million DM For a Golf only, it is necessary to convoy according to program 5400 different parts at the place which it is necessary. For more than 2000 Golf per day and for this only type of vehicle, it is necessary to start some 12 million parts. Without electronic processing the data and a large ramification of the stations of data in all the halls of production, it would not be possible to direct such a handling correctly.
6h40. Fronts of Golf do not cease taking form on the carrousel of welding. One of them precisely receives its identification plate for optical character reading with number 36.5.1501. This number is significant, because only on the level of the assembly sheet-iron works more than 3600 alternatives of the body are already possible. A section of "our" Golf, built with the first parts of sheet delivered the day before to the evening, is not anonymous any more: the identification number is its "plate of identity". The vehicle is now built for a well defined customer. During this time, one supplements the side panels on a rotary table of welding, each time a left panel and a right panel by differentiating between the versions two doors and four doors. Two of them are precisely intended for the Golf 36-5-1501.
7h55. The side panels are assembled and welded with the part postpones, the floor of trunk, the lining of spare wheel and the passages of wheels, the whole forming the back of the vehicle. The movements of this installation, as mysterious as they can appear with the first access are rather simple to explain: the line transfer is driven by hydraulic bodies and tires which put moving the various devices of catch, lifting and tightening. The whole is ordered by an electronic computer electronic computer according to a perfectly established program.
8h15. Before "our" Golf appears in the "polling list" of the console operator. While pressing on a button, it calls the corresponding back of suspended stock, the house and the floor being appropriate for the vehicle. Thus, one is sure that the wishes of the customer will be carried out perfectly - one four doors with sliding roof.
pic 15_1 16_1 -2
8h15. The line transfer of assembly of the "cases" joins together before and the back, sets up the floor and the house. Again, the device orders all the movements automatically: lifting and descent of the parts, lighting of the electrodes of welding for 440 points of welding, folding of the edges of the house. Some technical data: the line transfer is 88 m long, comprises 25 electric motors and 104 transformers of welding consuming 6500 kcVa - the power of a locality having just 7000 inhabitants. Reduced manpower show at which point the machine saves work with the man: only eight specialists deal with the line transfer in assembly of the "cases"; an unimportant team compared to this gigantic installation. A body of Golf takes form every 16 seconds. With full output that represents 3000 body per day. At the end of the line transfer, five inspectors control the weld beads as conscientiously as quality and the trueness to the size of the constitutive parts was supervised at the various preceding stations. Moreover, body is constantly taken in the work in progress to be placed on a large checking fixture. They are measured there by specialists in 29 precise points
8h25. "Our" Golf, with the cash statement, i.e. without doors, without cap, nor forage ladder, leaves the line transfer, fixed on a conveyor and is balanced under the roof in direction of "the assembly-body". The light difference on the level of the language of the specialist indicates the next significant stage of construction: the car will be finished at least as regards the sheet-iron works. With the assembly body, Golf 36-5-1501 is reinforced at certain places by means of weld beads under gas of protection. And, once deposited on the assembly line, it receives its four doors and the forage ladder, the cap-engine and the wings. Some points of connection in are brazed. The welding with brass is not only tight, but creates also a very resistant bond between the elements and makes it possible in addition to carry out a optically perfect transition. Specialists in the surface quality belonging to the production "palpate" through thin gloves using their expert hands the last asperities. They carry out the smoothing of the body with files and sandpaper with the machine. With a sure hand, they take care of the last "finish" of the naked body. A last glance: the inspector is content with work, our Golf "is accepted".
11h40. Ahead, a hoist, "the elevator of body" raises the number 36-5-1501 which is déja waited on the higher floor by a conveyor which will make him continue its voyage. The arrival in the world of the color: the workshop of painting is very accessible. With the reception, bath of vapor in an alkaline water solution. Grease - still remaining of stamping - and filth, as well as the filings must be suitably eliminated. The body is clean like a new penny and shines of a silver plated metallic lustre, it will enter now the second bath by sprinkling, phosphating. There, it receives the first layer of protection, scintillating of a gray glare chechmate. This operation is again followed of two complete rinsings. Another shower with entirely demineralized water takes along the last remains with it. Entirely demineralized because the smallest crystalline deposits should not harm the consistency of the layer of later lacquer
12h33. Slowly, the Golf carrying the identification number 36-5-1501 enters the electrolytic bath with immersion. The descent in the bath is rather abrupt so that the air escapes from all the cavities. Completely immersed, one cannot see "our" Golf any more. In the basin, broad 4 m and 27 m length, 10 percent of lacquer are closely mixed with 90 percent of water thus forming emulsion, it is disconcerting for the layman. It is not a process of painting per immersion of the conventional type. During this process used recently of years, the lacquer is deposited on the body using the electrical current. Particles of lacquers started "" by the electrical current also settle in the cavities of the vehicle, for example in the parts of the frame, in the form of a tight and reliable layer. It constitutes a solid rust protection. To obtain a layer of resistant lacquer in the most inaccessible corners, one places electrodes in the cavities of each Golf before the diving. The advantages of the film of painting deposited by electrolysis are that it covers all the edges well and adheres to leaving the bath, without dripping, "cast" and "asperities", being presented in the form of a beautiful smooth layer.
Following the shower with entirely demineralized water and intensive treatment with the "drier" of the zone of drying by pulsated air follows the following operations, the ones behind the others: deposit electrodes, "cooking" of the priming coat in the tunnel of drying at a rate of 25 minutes with 180°C, followed per a fresh puff blowing on body. Then the light sandpapering limited to neuralgic points comes, which one calls "the étêtage" of the priming coat. Such a Golf must be rainproof and with melted snow, not to be prone to corrosion. This is why at the time of the following stages, the weld beads of the floor of the body, the sheet folds of the doors, the forage ladder, the water cap-engine and jets "will be sealed" with PVC, the thresholds of doors will be sprinkled in addition to one emulsion of color, the obturators of the floor will be placed with coating of sealing and the layer of protection of the frame will be applied. Such a care is paying. One still quickly poses layers of soundproofing to apply hot to cure the noises of resonance of the floor, and already the body enters the furnace of gelation carried to 130°C. The operation lasts 12 minutes and then comes the following "undergarment", the
It is applied automatically in an electrostatic way like the waving of a magic wand: the particles of painting sprinkled by bells turning very quickly move towards the body in the invisible electric field and settle there. A manual pulverization will take place later on only at the less accessible places; the painter uses with this intention an also acting gun with hand in an electrostatic way. The then coming drier "cooked" the priming coat with 175°C in half an hour hardly. A small pause, then during 2 minutes of the air pulsated to cool the body. If necessary, a sandpapering of precision is still carried out, then one eliminates then the particles from dust with a "special rag": the preparation with painting is finished.
14h58. The conveyor on the ground brought body 36-5-1501 placed on a carriage, with the cabin of painting for the decisive stage: the Golf will be equipped with color, it receives now the last layer, the layer of varnish. With before body, a number on the plate of identification mentions the desired color: it is according to this code that functions the automatic installation; it is also an indication being useful to the experienced painters who comb before the zones difficult to reach each side, and in the cockpit. The conveyor continues to advance "our" Golf, until its before crosses a luminous barrier. This signal, the automatic installation of painting is started, principal work starts: the bells under high voltage, turning very quickly pulverize particles of painting in charge of electricity, in top, bellow, on the right and on the left. The fine fog moves, as guided by an invisible hand in the electric field, towards the side panels, the doors, the cap, the forage ladder and the house. Everywhere it is transformed into a uniform film of lacquer, very shining.
One does not have to fear that while passing from a color to another during the change of body, one obtains a multicoloured "mixture of lacquers". This is avoided by a phase of rinsing short but powerful of the drain pipes of painting and bells of pulverization, before passing to the following phase. However, for reasons of profitability, one always gathers several body having to receive the same color. This reduces the number of the rinsings. Something of interesting on the technical level: such an installation of automatic painting has a tension of work of 80 000 volts for a very weak amperage of 0,2
15h14. Transport in the tunnel of drying. The varnish "is cooked" by a 30 minutes passage to 140°C. A light étincelante awaits then the body of Golf lately painted, in the bonded area of varnish. The lamps are placed so that the light is reflected on all surfaces. Thanks to this stratagem, the inspectors of the quality control can detect the smallest defect. Only in Wolfsburg, the workshop of painting very delivers to the final assembly the every 15 to 18 seconds a body in its dress of color nine: Golf, Sports shirt, Derby, of Jetta... And each one of these "clothes", controlled with each phase by inspectors of the quality control, underwent an intensive treatment during four hours, this long walk through the various stations distributed on a line of 800 m.
The inspection of varnish sticks a "label" in the lining of spare wheel of Golf 36-5-1501, the examination having been satisfactory. This sign characterizes a perfect painting. However, before the lately painted body "bafance" under the saw-tooth roof, at the time when it leaves towards the hoist, the camera of television reads the sequence number on before at the "statistical point Ä". A screen of the control room shows this continuation of figures approximately plane. From there, the body carries on its road towards the workshop of protection of the hollow bodies by wax injection. Filled of wax, the hollow bodies of the doors, the caps and the base from now on are protected from corrosion. Thus, way is led to the preparing of the body. The later routing is carried out by a balancelle fixed at the air conveyor. As a means of organization and transmitter of information, one did not cease using punch cards since the moment of identification of before vehicle. Their assistance is enough until the handing-over of the vehicle to the customer.
While one built the sheet parts and the body in Wolfsburg, that painting was carried out, other factories of Volkswagenwerk AG delivered their manufacture: the engines come from Salzgitter, the gear boxes of Kassel, the axles, the directions and the shock absorbers of Brunswick. A whole series of other workshops of Wolfsbourgeois production also took part in it in a way not less appreciable. Bolts of wheels, rockets, hubs and articulations came meanwhile from "the workshop of mechanical manufacture". Let us throw a glance on this side: large machines forge at strong rate of incandescent steel, others "cut" screw pitches or gears, work parts while machining by removal of chips, control themselves the trueness to the size or carry out the hardening of surfaces. The man precisely could release himself to the maximum of the manual duties having milked with mechanical manufacture of automobile parts. He monitors practically nothing any more but the inter-connected machines; he controls, corrects and intervenes in the event of disturbance. During this time, the machines produce automatically, their products are controlled by other machines. The transport of the parts, of a station of machining with another A place without the man not intervening.
The plastic for a long time plays already a great role in automotive engineering. The grill of the radiator, the blower of the heating, limp them with gloves, the cases, the glove boxes, the coatings, the parechocs, the dashboards, the handles, even the gasoline tanks are produced from many and various materials whose raw material is oil. According to the type of plastic and the product, one blows, one injects, one moulds, one expanse, one stretches. The machines carrying out this work differ consequently. Many products have a common point however: they are fast to produce and good market, they do not pose problems of corrosion and are very durable. The plastics moreover made discover possibilities hitherto unknown with the engineers and designers. One could give to metal parts the desired form only by having recourse to complex manufacturing methods. That one thinks only of the casings of blowers, the balustrades or the typical grill, finely grooved Golf which for example "is injected" in only one operation by a machine having the size of a small engine.
The share of the various plastics used in automotive engineering increases. And this, everywhere where other materials can be judiciously replaced. On the Golf there are already 100 kg of plastics. The plastics do not bring only advantages on the technical level, they can also contribute to a greater comfort. Thus the cushions of the foam plastic seats get a better base. They offer a better protection of the spinal column and make it possible to traverse long distances without tiredness, a profit in the field of "active safety". Us here with another workshop feeding the final assembly, saddlery. The cars belonging to the same generation of models appear all almost identical, at least on the level of their external form. There is however an obvious diversity being born from the realization of the individual wishes of the customers. Only the choice of the trimmings of seats, fabric, imitation leather, color and drawing - gives 46 possibilities for a model. Each customer buys today according to his personal taste and one manufactures the seats only according to the corresponding data. Thus the fabric which has been just cut belongs already to a well defined car.
the order of installation of the seats comes from the control room with the instructions of assembly emanating from it, after the statistical point Ä announced the completion painting of the body. This one is meanwhile on the way towards the predetermined line of assembly. However, before the Golf does not receive its seats during the final assembly it runs out some three hours, saddlery uses two of them to cut out and sew the trimmings, to assemble the parts of detail and to place the seats in a place of "buffer storage", ready to be called. the base of all the activities is thus consisted "the instructions of assembly" that saddlery also receives. It manufactures moreover side coatings and the coating of the house which the specialists call the "sky", as well as the coating of the mask-trunk. All this following the wishes of the customer. the seats are called starting from the place of provision little of time after the end of their manufacture according to their identification number, identical to that of the vehicle. A conveyor transports them, under the roof of the workshop, towards their place of assembly. They arrive there at the same time as the corresponding vehicle. Their immediate installation is thus ensured without losing the place of an intermediate storage.
Before turning over to the final assembly of the body, namely of "our" Golf, tokens still a glance with the basement of the tires. There, we see stored products with the most various dimensions, delivered by various manufacturers. In spite of this diversity, each car receives the tires of correct dimension and the same mark. Always arranged by sets of five, the tires are assigned to the vehicle which is intended to them. In first a machine "drives out" the valves in the rims. Then, on an automatic line of assembly, the tires are assembled on the rims and are inflated. A machine controls, also all alone, the veil and eccentricity in other words, by using a language less specialized: to make so that the wheel turns quite round. The balancing of the wheel should not of course step be lacking. With the end, an inspector controls in more the result. "After the call", the tires leave the basement, in direction of a "given goal": the chain of convoying brings them exactly to the line of final assembly where they are necessary. They arrive there also jointly with the vehicle, it is necessary: to take on the conveyor, to set up them, them to screw, it is finished.
At the same time, beside the line of final assembly of the body, which one calls "an output unit", a kind of typewriter ordered remotely prints the order of assembly which is stuck by a worker of the line of assembly on the door of the body at the time of its arrival. Thus the various staffs receive precise information concerning the wishes of equipment of the customer: for example, the engine type and output, capacity of the battery, the dashboard with or without radio, the color of the trimmings, the automatic or mechanical box. The work of classification and regulation of the personnel of scheduling of the vehicles makes think of that of the air-traffic controllers. As contradictory as that can appear, one realizes on the level of the final assembly that manufacture in Wolfsburg from approximately 3700 Volkswagen per working day is not a mass production to the general direction of the term, but an individual completion according to wishes' of the customer, even if that is done within the framework of a great series. Indeed, if one combines the various possibilities of order for the Golf, and this only for one vehicle not intended for export, without the special details of equipment planned for the foreigner, one has then in function: - different models - initial versions - engines - limp speeds - external colors - interior equipment of the sets M (grouped options) - equipment M with the choice (e.g. car radio, sliding roof, automatic box)
a round number, incredible, of 325000 possible alternatives in all. For the Golf only, there are approximately 4000 parts and different alternatives of assembly. That also explains why a computer centre must come to assistance of scheduling of the vehicles and why it is necessary to establish instructions of work for the final assembly but also for the various services of manufacture taking part in the provisioning. The apparatuses placed downstream from the exchange of computers and belonging to this information system of the assembly called MONTIS are also worthy of interest: - 3 Calculators of process (computers) - 85 Output units (printing) - 14 Units of reading (readers) - 10 Cameras to identify the body near the montecharges - 7 Units of reading automatically to identify the body on the lines of assembly - 2 Control panels with screen, witnesses of operation, units of monitoring.
17h00. No 36-5-1501 is balanced while going down from the conveyor suspended towards line 7 of the assembly Final, the 140ème car of the 268 of this team. There are 130 operations to carry out, 70 more in this sector and then 50 others during the final assembly itself. The body which arrives still has the air a little naked. Inter alia, all the principal cavities of the body come to be protected from corrosion by sealing them using a product from protection containing wax. The body is now subjected to the overflowing activity of the line of assembly and will be released from it only when the equipment is complete: with the joints, layers of soundproofing, the dashboard with the radio, cables, locks, ices, coatings side and of the floor, the antenna, the back windscreen wiper, the coating of the house, also called sky, bumpers, the sliding roof, lamps and fires, seats. One also works below and in the still empty driving compartment, for example, one poses the conduits of brakes, the direction, the Master-cylinder and the servo-brake, the pedals and the sound signalling hooter.
Groups complete work here in a team, inter-connecting their work perfectly. Meanwhile the inspectors of control-quality check in an unceasingly renewed way the various stages of work. If a defect is noticed, it is necessary to carry out a final improvement, fixed by a writing. Each position must be marked initials "i.O.", namely in order, in the control chart so as to not leave a side none made observations. By means of an elevator which moves at a speed sychrone with that of the vehicle suspended on the conveyor, one introduces and one fixes then at the vehicle: the engine, the gear box and trees of bridge with the discs of brakes. The exhaust and the rear wheel-axle unit follow, the struts are fixed at before and at the back.
It is still necessary to connect the cables, the ties, the brake cable to hand and the flexible devices of brakes, to fill the coolant circuit and the brake system, to assemble the wheels, to fill the tank with oil and fuel, to pose the seats and the Golf is finished and rolls for the first time propelled by its engine. On the inspector of axles, one regulates the set and the pinching so that the handling is perfect. The wheel then is adjusted and blocked. During the assembly, all the nipples tight with the couple are prescribed, using pneumatic screw drivers. However the inspection once again checks manually the significant connections of the axles and the transmission with a torque wrench of precision. Nothing is left randomly.
20h00. After having traversed a few meters, arrived here to us at the road simulator. On this bench, one passes all speeds, one controls the engine output, the brakes and the indicators. With the end, when the engine is hot, one carries out the control of exhaust fumes. Led by a soft female hand, "our" Golf moves towards the statistical item 8. It is there that one puts at it the last hand under the attentive glance of the inspector. The final assembly is finished.
20h40. The statistical item 8, the last station of the final assembly is crossed. For the last time, Golf 36-5-1501 advances on a chain of convoying, in a tunnel of paraffining, at the end of the hall. The driving compartment receives a layer of wax preventing corrosion, the lower part of the vehicle is still covered with a thick layer of bituminous wax to protect it from the fine gravels and the action of salt, the body is also covered with a layer of paraffin to protect it from the bad weather during transport. Passing on a large bridge which one calls in the jargon of the factory the "airlift", the Golf goes towards the great surface of provision of the vehicles, outside, on the northern face of the factory. The Golf is convoyed to the shipping station and takes seat in one of the long trains with double platform. Many of other cars will follow until the long file of coaches is filled. Good-bye Wolfsburg, Golf 36-5-1501 begins its own life. It on the rails and is however still perched on a coach. But soon it will move itself on the roads which represent its universe.